Heat Guidelines

Towns County Schools

Heat Guidelines For Outdoor Extracurricular Activities

 

Towns County Schools have set forth a guideline and policy for extreme heat and humidity conditions as the weather warrants.  Coaches and/or administrators at Towns County Schools have and use a digital heat index monitor to measure the Heat Index (HI) temperature which is derived by evaluating the combined dry air temperature, humidity, ground radiated heat, and the wind speed at that particular location.  Conditions are subject to change during the practice/activity; therefore, measurements are taken at regular intervals throughout the practice activity.  Towns County Schools and coaching staff adjust their practice routines, water breaks, and rest periods to protect the student-athletes and ensure their health, safety, and well-being.  Towns County Schools and coaching staff highly encourage all athletes to prepare themselves with proper acclimation, nutrition, and hydration before and after practice and games.  Student-athletes are also encouraged to alert the coaching staff if they feel abnormal, sick, or are experiencing symptoms of heat related illnesses.

 

The following table is followed by Towns County Schools and Coaching Staff during extreme heat and humid weather:

 

HEAT INDEX GUIDELINES

 

LEVEL

HEAT INDEX AFFECTS ON BODY DURING PRACTICE BREAKS FLUIDS

Caution

80 – 89   Use Caution Remove Helmet

5 minute break every 20 minutes

Water

Sports Drink

Extreme Caution 90 – 104 Cramps or heat exhaustion possible Use Extreme Caution Remove Helmet

5 minute break every 15 minutes

Water

Sports Drink

Danger 105 – 129 Cramps or heat exhaustion likely, heat stroke possible HELMETS ONLY

Practice time should be shortened with low intensity

Remove helmet

5 minute break every 10 minutes

Water

Sports Drink

Extreme Danger 130 + Heat stroke is imminent NO PRACTICE NO PRACTICE Water

Sports Drink

 

The following contains information that all parents and coaches need to be aware of:

 

HEAT ILLNESS SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS

(As Recommended by the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA), July 1999)

 

  Symptoms Treatment
 

 

Heat Cramps

 

 

-Muscle spasms caused by an imbalance of water and electrolytes in muscles.

– Usually affects the legs and abdominal muscles.

 

-Rest in a cool place.

-Drink plenty of fluids.

-Proper stretching and massaging.

-Application of ice in some cases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heat Exhaustion

-Can be precursor to the heat stroke.

-Normal to high temperatures.

-Heavy sweating.

-Skin is flushed or cool and pale.

-Headaches or dizziness.

-Rapid pulse, nausea, weakness.

-Physical collapse may occur.

-Can occur without prior symptoms, such as cramps.

 

 

 

 

-Get to a cool place immediately, and out of the heat.

-Drink plenty of fluids.

-Remove excess clothing

-In some cases, immerse body in cool water.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heat Stroke

-Body’s cooling system shuts down.

-Increased core temperature of 104° F or greater.

-If untreated it can cause brain damage, internal organ damage, and even death.

-Sweating stops.

-Shallow breathing and rapid pulse.

-Possible disorientation or loss of consciousness.

-Possible irregular heartbeat and cardiac arrest.

 

 

 

 

-Call 911 immediately.

-Cool bath with ice packs near large arteries, such as the neck, armpits, and groin.

-Replenish fluids by drinking or intravenously, if needed.

Heat illness is used to define several types of afflictions suffered when an individual experiences a rising body temperature and dehydration.  Following are the different forms identified by the NATA.